Liu Xiaobo

Liu Xiaobohas fought for a more open and democratic China for over 20 years. He demands that the Chinese authorities comply with Article 35 of the Chinese Constitution, which lays down that the country’s citizens enjoy “freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration”. Liu – who studied literature and philosophy, and worked as a literary critic and university lecturer in Beijing – took part in the student protests on Tiananmen Square in 1989. For that act, he was sentenced to two years in prison. Later, he served three years in a labour camp for having criticised China’s one-party system. His long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China was honoured with a Nobel Prize in 2010.